Platmin shares listed on JSE

first_imgThe Bakgatla Ba Kgafela community, which lives near Platmin’s Pilanesberg platinum mine in North West province, seeks to develop strategies for social and economic development in the area. Shares in Platmin Limited have been made available for trading in the platinum and precious metals sector on the main board of the JSE, with effect from Wednesday. “The country is home to a sophisticated and discerning investor community,” Liddell said in Johannesburg this week. “Importantly, a JSE listing creates for our empowerment shareholders, the Bakgatla Ba Kgafela, a platform to participate in the fortunes of this company at a listed ownership level.” Natural progresson The complex, situated mostly in the North West and Limpopo provinces, is a geological structure that is estimated to contain approximately 90% of the world’s Platinum Group Metal (PGM) resources as well as some 80% of its chrome. The company is already listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange and the Alternative Investment Market of the London Stock Exchange in London. 24 July 2009 “Furthermore, approximately 30% of the 1 000 permanent employment positions are currently filled by people in the neighbouring community,” Liddell said. Platmin Limited is incorporated in Canada as a mineral exploration company focused on the exploration and development of platinum group metal (PGM) deposits in South Africa. Platmin chairman Keith Liddell says the listing is a natural progression for the company, which has four key projects – Pilanesberg, Mphahlele, Grootboom and Loskop – in South Africa’s Bushveld Complex. SAinfo reporter and BuaNewsWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material Economic, social development Since production commenced in March this year, the mine has produced approximately 250 000 low-cost PGM ounces annually. During the construction phase, over 2 500 jobs were created at the mine.last_img read more

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Revolutionary method for reducing methane emissions in dairy cows

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Dairy cows and other ruminants such as beef cows, sheep, goats, deer and buffalo are capable of fermenting and digesting the cellulose contained in grass. Cows have four compartments to their stomach. The first is called the rumen. It is a giant fermentation vat capable of converting many indigestible fiber sources such as grass and plants to meat and milk. The other compartments include the hardware stomach (reticulum) which traps metal if inadvertently swallowed, the omasum for water absorption and the abomasum, the true stomach similar to ours. Because of this unique characteristic of the ruminant GI tract, these animals are a huge asset to society because of the grass and food byproducts that are readily consumed to be converted into food.Forty-five percent of the U.S. is comprised of grasslands that aren’t usable for food production. Cows and other ruminants grazing these grasslands convert grass and other plants to high quality protein and energy that are nutritious for humans in the form of meat and milk.A by-product of grass fermentation is that cows burp excess fermentation gas. A component of their eructations is methane.Naysayers would have you believe that cows are a bane for the environment because methane from cows allegedly produces climate change. In addition activists claim animal butterfat in milk contributes to poor health in humans. Nothing could be further from the truth about either but those are stories for another day.My purpose isn’t to get into a debate about nutrition but cite known facts. There is clear-cut evidence that children on vegetarian diets benefit from receiving four ounces daily of high quality animal protein as meat. It will significantly increase IQ scores, playground activity, muscle development and size and stature.*A nutritional supplement, 3-nitro-oxypropanol, (3NOP) when added to the feed of high-producing dairy cows will reduce methane emissions up to 60%. Independent research both at Penn State and the University of Estadual Maringa in Brazil confirmed the claims by the patent holder, DSM Nutritional Products. Over the course of a 12-week study conducted at Penn State’s dairy barns, cows that consumed a feed regimen supplemented by this novel methane inhibitor, 3NOP, had a reduction in methane generated and gained 80% more bodyweight than cows in a control group. Feed intake and milk production by cows that were fed the supplement did not decrease production. Cows gained weight in addition to a reduction in greenhouse gases belched during early lactation. Weight gain is a huge bonus as dairy cows often lose 200 to 300 pounds of weight in the first 90 days after calving because of high milk production. This new product will have ramifications for global climate change from the livestock sector.As I sit here and reflect, there could be other applications for 3NOP. Currently it is in the patent process prior to introduction to the dairy industry. If indeed it works well in cows, there could be a tremendous upside market potential. Here are some other opportunities.Passengers be provided a tablet of 3NOP when traveling on airplanes with restrooms.Chili cook-off judges have an occupational hazard so 3NOP might be included as a part of prep for chili tasting.It certainly would take the crude behavior away from junior high boys that seek to outdo each other.3NOP would be a natural supplement for weight lifters.I bet the quarterback on the football team would provide a supply to his center.Get ‘Er Done comedian Larry the Cable guy could make a “windfall” by advertising 3NOP in addition to Prilosec.Aunt Suzy might slip some of this stuff into her gourmet baked bean and onion casserole but she probably should be warned that it could cause the nieces and nephews to gain weight.And lastly a certain pharmacist in our town after playing volleyball several years ago at the church picnic picked up the name Tooter. It would have saved him from embarrassment and the nickname.This 3NOP product could be a ”win(d)-win” situation for climate change! *S. Whaley et. al., The Impact of Dietary Intervention on the Cognitive Development of Kenyan School Children, The American Society for Nutritional Sciences 2003last_img read more

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African Swine Fever brings destruction, possible market opportunity

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Joel Penhorwood, Ohio Ag NetAfrican Swine Fever is in the midst of causing global trouble and all signs point to it likely heading to the United States soon. The hog industry is keeping a close eye on the disease’s next move.What exactly is African Swine Fever (AFS)? As defined in Hungerford’s ­Diseases of Livestock it is: “A highly contagious fatal disease of pigs with a great propensity for international spread (Geering and Forman, 1987). It is caused by a DNA virus which is very resistant, can survive in blood at 4 degrees C for 18 months, in frozen carcasses for several years, and in uncanned hams for up to six months. It affects all classes of pigs and warthogs.”Though AFS does not affect humans, it poses considerable risk to the wellbeing of the swine industry with all hogs contracting the disease requiring termination.“When it comes to global issues right now, that is something that could be very devastating in the pork industry in the United States. The threat is very real, with approximately 12 million people going back and forth to China every year, that kind of traffic of course concerns us,” said Steve Rommereim, National Pork Board president. “We have a lot of feedstuffs that come from China when it comes to our vitamin pre-mixes and what not. Vitamins are all manufactured only in China. We’ve got a real threat there. We’re trying to determine anyway if that virus can live in the kind of products we go back and forth with. We know it’s transferred through processed meat products. If grandma goes to China to visit and brings something back, albeit illegal it happens all the time — that’s how it broke in Japan, that’s how it broke in Belgium is people bringing things across the border.“We’re working as much as we can with USDA and some of the other government agencies trying to at least get on top of what that threat looks like, what it is, and how can we prevent the spread of these foreign animal diseases.”Rommereim said the U.S. has in-depth protection procedures in place if AFS hits.“There’s going to be a total stop of movement of swine. You can imagine the disruption that would cause. Numbers thrown out — $8 billion lost the first year. This thing has no vaccine. It’s very threatening. These are the kind of things we’ve got to be able to prevent because we’ve already struggled with PEDV in the past,” he said. “We’ve determined for sure that PEDV came from China and we think almost for sure that it was brought over in feed products. How do we prevent that from happening again? There’s a lot of work being done, especially on the research side as to what can we do to stop the spread of these viruses.”Christine McCracken is senior protein analyst with Rabo AgriFinance. She noted from the marketing side how destructive AFS has been, though there is some silver lining if conditions are right.“There are massive losses throughout China — 14 different provinces affected at this point,” she said. “This includes most of the primary pork growing areas, with the exception of one. There is a lot of loss there. It’s hard to estimate exactly how much. They’re working hard to get it under control, but given the structure of the industry, that’s going to be very difficult with all the backyard operations they have in China. Our best guess is that they’ll work through and try to stamp out as much as they can, but it will be hard for them.“We think that could open the door to some imports, either from Europe, which has access. It remains active in pushing product into China, or for the U.S. longer term. We’re facing these tariffs so it’s a little hard to get direct access, but our expectation is that with some of the markets that Europe isn’t able to meet, because of the active shipment of product into China, we might pick up some of those markets. There is that kind of offset assuming that the overall global trade into China increases. We remain optimistic, but there are big losses in China right now and that’s certainly tragic for that country.”According to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, at various times throughout the 20th century, ASF has been endemic in Africa, Europe, South America, and the Caribbean. Until the last few years, outbreaks were confined to eastern and southern Africa and Sardinia. However, outbreaks in the Caucasus region and Russia have begun to spread to Eastern Europe and pose a great risk for further spread to other European Union countries.More from APHIS on their emergency management procedures for AFS in this analysis: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/emergency_management/downloads/sop/sop_asf_e-e.pdf.last_img read more

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Three policemen killed in Jharkhand Naxal attack

first_imgThree police personnel, including a sub-inspector, were killed in Naxal attack in Latehar district of Jharkhand on November 22, officials said. The attack by armed Naxals happened about 8.30 p.m. when the police party was on-board a four-wheeler near Lukiatand village under Chandwa police station area, they said. The Naxals are reported to have sprung a surprise attack on the police personnel who were on patrol duty. “Our police party was ambushed and three casualties occurred,” Additional Director-General of Police Murari Lal Meena said.Some home guard personnel are also reported to be in the casualty list. The police were ascertaining which Naxal group was involved in the ambush.last_img

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