South Africa increases R&D spend

first_imgMost South African R&D work were performed in the research field of the engineering sciences (20.9% of total R&D), followed by the natural sciences (20.3%) and the medical and health sciences (15.1%). Meanwhile, the demographic profile of researchers in South Africa is changing, with women researchers now comprise 39.7% of the total researchers, compared to 12.4% in Japan, and 31.7% in Norway. Among the developing countries, Argentina leads the way with 50.5 percent women researchers. Ten-year innovation plan The information is critical to South Africa’s forward planning, particularly in specifying the targets for the Ten-Year Innovation Plan, which aims to help drive South Africa’s transformation towards a knowledge-based economy in which the production and dissemination of knowledge leads to economic benefits. The higher education sector undertakes 20% of national R&D activity, while the government (including the science councils) performs 22.8% of the total but finances 33.9% of R&D. “It is important to have a strong basic research component in a country’s national system of innovation in order to challenge and train new researchers,” Mjwara said in a statement. Source: BuaNews South Africa currently has a total of 30 986 full-time equivalent R&D personnel, comprising researchers, technicians and other support staff. Wide research fields According to the survey, the strengthening of the R&D system through national policies and mechanisms including special support for cooperation across what is termed the “triple helix” of business, government and higher education sectors can only lead to a more competitive international position through R&D based innovation. “Applied research and experimental development contribute to economic development by providing new R&D based products and processes with potential for introduction to the market.” Mjwara said that the local business sector was the major performer and financer of R&D activity in the country, performing 55.9% of all work undertaken and financing 51.3% of total R&D. A new survey by the Human Sciences Research Council finds that South Africa spent at least R16.5-billion on research and development (R&D) over the 2006/07 financial year, an indication that the country is progressing towards being a knowledge-based economy. About 10.6% of South Africa’s R&D activity is financed from abroad. Altogether about 18.6% of total R&D performed in the country comprised basic research representing an expenditure of about 0.18% of GDP. 18 September 2008 Speaking in Pretoria this week, Department of Science and Technology director-general Phil Mjwara said the growth in spending puts the country on course to meet its goal of spending 1% of gross domestic product (GDP) on research and development by the 2008/9 financial year. The purpose of the survey, conducted by the HSRC’s Centre for Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, found that R&D expenditure had increased from R14.1-billion in 2005/06.last_img read more

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MelodySusie® Blonde Long Curly Wigs – Always from

first_imgThe wig arrived in a pretty looking box, introduced really properly. . In the box you get the wig by itself, a attractive comb and also a extremely valuable hairnet. . Both of those myself and my daughter have thick darkish hair and the internet is really fairly awesome as it does really maintain your hair all in place and flat so that the wig can suit on greater, furthermore we discovered the wager truly looks to grip the wig inside too so retains it on your head better as nicely. The wig feels pretty and comfortable to contact, not itchy at all. And its rather uncomplicated to brush and modify into condition conveniently. This wig has attractive pretty natural searching waves in it. We are equally quite satisfied with it. I have received this merchandise at a decreased level and have made a decision to evaluate it in my individual terms with my full straightforward impression. I like to assistance other purchasers who rely on assessments when it will come to determining no matter if to make purchases so if i feel an product is bad i will be trustworthy and say so, but if i adore it i will fortunately say that much too.But soon after manipulating it and darkening the roots marginally i am in appreciate. The colour is amazing it is a little more. Wasn’t certain about this when it arrived, the color is so vivid. But following manipulating it and darkening the roots slightly i am in adore. The color is amazing it’s a small extra orangey crimson than the photo demonstrates but it really is really flattering. The far more it is really worn the much better it seems, as the shine fades and the curls loosen it appears like natural hair that has been coloured. I my sister needs me to get an additional one particular for her. For the selling price the excellent is truly great. Shipping and delivery is brief and really like the little box, comb and cap combo it will come with.Beautifully packaged with a beautiful wig inside of – incredibly happy.A fun wig for partiesBeautiful long blonde hairit would have been fine.Amazing, LOVE THISAbsolutely beautiful wigIt’s perfect for cosplays and costume I have purchased wigs from this seller formerly – this wig (blonde) is beautiful in colour and the top quality is fab, but the glow on this wig lets it down. If it failed to have a shiny wig seem to it, it would have been wonderful.Actually it is so very good i won’t be able to praise it adequate. Highly recommendevery wig i have obtained from melodysusie has been excellent. Excellent items at a great cost. Was even better than i envisioned.It truly is ideal for cosplays and costume. It is ideal for cosplays and costume. The high-quality is really superior for the price tag but it does have some shine to it. But i think i will resolve that with some powder. I would not precisely propose it for every day use however. All on all i like the packaging and i am really glad with the buy.Extremely happy with my buy from melodysusie, they’re generally significant excellent and totally best. I extremely recommend them, image connected of how the blonde wig appears to be.This product or service was sent to me for test and analysis needs. Out of the choices on this solution webpage, this review relates to the design fp718 light-weight blonde curly. The wig is effectively made with an adjustable cap that stays in place when tightened to in good shape your head. In the box there is also a large-mesh hairnet to have your own hair (invaluable for me simply because i by now have long hair), a expert comb to limit destruction to the artificial hair, and a hairnet to retail store the wig neatly. Tips for washing are printed on the box, but one can very easily obtain much more information on the internet. I located that using a tiny distinct conditioner was essential to contain the static that develops if you comb the wig, as one particular does. The primary issue is to stay away from warmth, and mainly this style of wig is pre-styled and created to keep its form and curl. If you wash it in chilly water, the unique waves will be preserved. The other factor to stay clear of is hair shampoo and conditioner which would make it greasy and hefty.This wig arrived in a beautiful little white and lilac box which included the wig alone, a wig web, wig comb and handy instructions on how to cleanse and treatment for the wig. The color is quite related to the color that is in the shots, it feels definitely tender and the curls are bouncy. In general the wig appears sensible and feels light even though on. Even so, i had some complications styling the fringe/bangs and the prime portion of the wig seemed to search a bit far too round, but i managed to take care of this by just clipping the fringe element again. I wore this as portion of a halloween costume and it was snug to use all over the night time. It from time to time got itchy but it was bearable. I very recommend this wig for how real looking it appears to be like and for the comfort. Excellent for extravagant costume functions or just day to day use.The melodysusie blonde long curly wig arrived very quickly and packed well. The deal is made up of- 1x melodysusie wig- 1x wig cap- 1x wig combi have been thrilled with the remarkable high quality of this wig. It can be so comfortable to contact when you just take it out of its packaging and netting and it can be well introduced. It is designed of tender thick lustrous kanekalon and it genuinely appears to be like like a natural authentic hair. This wig is as the photo reveals and is a pleasure to dress in and i get masses of compliments on it from household and buddies. It can take 5 seconds to set on and you never even have to brush it. The wig is also uncomplicated to clean. The vendor endorses that the wig shall be cleaned every single fifteen-30 times normally. When i put on a wig, i often like to incorporate an accessory or two to it just to jazz it up – like a hairband, flower or a clasp.My melodysusie® blonde long curly wigs – natural, fluffy and sexy wigs with free wig cap and wig comb (light blonde) arrived the future working day employing amazon primary and was effectively packaged – priced at £14. ninety nine at time of reviewing it features excellent value way too. My natural hair is dim brown/practically black so even though i have normally wanted to be blonde it hasn’t been an selection as i would constantly be touching up my roots – so this wig is the perfect substitute .I adore the design and style of the wig it comes with whole washing directions, hair web, comb – do not use heated rollers or curling tongs on this wig – it can however be minimize to a additional wished-for design by a an skilled hairdresser should really you so desire to. I put it on and it felt relaxed on and i wore it out for a finish different glimpse. The wig stayed on and the model remained. The wig should be cleaned concerning 15-30 times preferably and it arrives with a revenue back again assurance. * disclaimer i gained this item free/or at a decreased expense in return for an sincere review and this in no way affected the integrity of my evaluation. You should do not rate my assessment as unhelpful for this purpose.This is a actually gorgeous long blonde wig, i purchased fp718 light-weight blonde, which is a light, natural blonde color. The fibres are delicate, shiny and glimpse and sense natural. The strands are pretty long, and the hair duration virtually reaches my waistline (a tall adult). The wig has acquired a great excess weight to it, like perfectly-nourished long hair, and sits very the natural way all around the shoulders and down the again. It is a little wavy in direction of the ends. The fringe is properly formed – its length spans down about 50 % the face when worn down, though it can be worn to one particular side. The measurement of the wig can be modified to the required head dimension working with the elastic adjusters with hooks on the inside of. It would suit very much any adult sized head. The wig is quick to preserve.Lovely wigso trendy appears to be so realwife appreciate these we have brown and blonde nowdefinitely likely to acquire other individuals shorter stylesyou get it all below. Comb , cap and the wigs can be slash and styled tooget for female who like to have many looksthis merchandise was sent to me to do a unbiased overview (lower price/free)fantastic for roll enjoy as well wink wink.last_img read more

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Revolutionary method for reducing methane emissions in dairy cows

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Dairy cows and other ruminants such as beef cows, sheep, goats, deer and buffalo are capable of fermenting and digesting the cellulose contained in grass. Cows have four compartments to their stomach. The first is called the rumen. It is a giant fermentation vat capable of converting many indigestible fiber sources such as grass and plants to meat and milk. The other compartments include the hardware stomach (reticulum) which traps metal if inadvertently swallowed, the omasum for water absorption and the abomasum, the true stomach similar to ours. Because of this unique characteristic of the ruminant GI tract, these animals are a huge asset to society because of the grass and food byproducts that are readily consumed to be converted into food.Forty-five percent of the U.S. is comprised of grasslands that aren’t usable for food production. Cows and other ruminants grazing these grasslands convert grass and other plants to high quality protein and energy that are nutritious for humans in the form of meat and milk.A by-product of grass fermentation is that cows burp excess fermentation gas. A component of their eructations is methane.Naysayers would have you believe that cows are a bane for the environment because methane from cows allegedly produces climate change. In addition activists claim animal butterfat in milk contributes to poor health in humans. Nothing could be further from the truth about either but those are stories for another day.My purpose isn’t to get into a debate about nutrition but cite known facts. There is clear-cut evidence that children on vegetarian diets benefit from receiving four ounces daily of high quality animal protein as meat. It will significantly increase IQ scores, playground activity, muscle development and size and stature.*A nutritional supplement, 3-nitro-oxypropanol, (3NOP) when added to the feed of high-producing dairy cows will reduce methane emissions up to 60%. Independent research both at Penn State and the University of Estadual Maringa in Brazil confirmed the claims by the patent holder, DSM Nutritional Products. Over the course of a 12-week study conducted at Penn State’s dairy barns, cows that consumed a feed regimen supplemented by this novel methane inhibitor, 3NOP, had a reduction in methane generated and gained 80% more bodyweight than cows in a control group. Feed intake and milk production by cows that were fed the supplement did not decrease production. Cows gained weight in addition to a reduction in greenhouse gases belched during early lactation. Weight gain is a huge bonus as dairy cows often lose 200 to 300 pounds of weight in the first 90 days after calving because of high milk production. This new product will have ramifications for global climate change from the livestock sector.As I sit here and reflect, there could be other applications for 3NOP. Currently it is in the patent process prior to introduction to the dairy industry. If indeed it works well in cows, there could be a tremendous upside market potential. Here are some other opportunities.Passengers be provided a tablet of 3NOP when traveling on airplanes with restrooms.Chili cook-off judges have an occupational hazard so 3NOP might be included as a part of prep for chili tasting.It certainly would take the crude behavior away from junior high boys that seek to outdo each other.3NOP would be a natural supplement for weight lifters.I bet the quarterback on the football team would provide a supply to his center.Get ‘Er Done comedian Larry the Cable guy could make a “windfall” by advertising 3NOP in addition to Prilosec.Aunt Suzy might slip some of this stuff into her gourmet baked bean and onion casserole but she probably should be warned that it could cause the nieces and nephews to gain weight.And lastly a certain pharmacist in our town after playing volleyball several years ago at the church picnic picked up the name Tooter. It would have saved him from embarrassment and the nickname.This 3NOP product could be a ”win(d)-win” situation for climate change! *S. Whaley et. al., The Impact of Dietary Intervention on the Cognitive Development of Kenyan School Children, The American Society for Nutritional Sciences 2003last_img read more

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